The ever-expanding box of virtual reality (VR) has been utilized in well being care settings like bodily rehabilitation. It’s additionally made its manner into remedy settings to cut back phobias and delusions. Could ingenious arts remedies be the following frontier for VR? Researchers from Drexel University’s College of Nursing and Health Professions within the Creative Arts Therapies Department carried out a find out about to look if VR can be utilized as an expressive device in artwork remedy.
“Art therapy is founded on the idea that creative expression with an art therapist facilitates communication and problem solving, reduces inhibition, alleviates depressive symptoms and promotes personal development,” mentioned lead creator of the find out about Girija Kaimal, an affiliate professor within the College of Nursing and Health Professions.
VR can facilitate the exploration of imaginal worlds, which is a central guideline of the ingenious processes of each artwork and play. Tools like VR even have the prospective to assist sufferers with sensory, cognitive and motor-related disabilities who’re not able to make use of conventional artwork media in healing tactics or who want selection choices for ingenious self-expression.
“With the availability of cost-effective VR solutions, we are seeing an increased adoption of these technologies in hospitals, clinics and healthcare facilities,” mentioned Arun Ramakrishnan, Ph.D., director of Research Labs within the College of Nursing and Health Professions and co-investigator in this mission.
In the find out about, 5 males and 12 girls engaged in free-from, immersive VR artwork making for roughly 20 to 25 mins.
The artwork remedy periods had been carried out with the HTC VIVE VR headset, remote regulate units and Leap Motion controller operating on a private computer that might give a boost to a consultation in a virtual area. The tool used was once Tilt Brush by way of Google, to create three-D pictures in VR; Kodon, for virtual sculpting; and Nature Treks, for an immersive 3-dimensional setting for rest.
After the consultation, individuals had been invited to avoid wasting their art work and speak about their revel in with the artwork therapist.
“Most participants reported feeling energized and elated by the experience of being in an imaginal space that was unlike anything that existed in the material world,” mentioned Kaimal. “Some were, however, disappointed by the lack of tangible, physical engagement with the medium and for a few, the experience was disorienting.”
Creative expression in VR lowered inhibitions, activated full-body actions and enhanced temper and inventive play exploration amongst individuals. They loved the three-D virtual setting and with the ability to see the artwork from other angles and views. It additionally challenged the individuals’ perceptions of bodily reality, conventional artwork making and artwork media.
The find out about did to find some downsides to VR in artwork remedy. VR will also be disorienting for the ones with cognitive, belief and/or inside ear problems. Researchers counsel additional exploration of ways those stories would possibly range for people with scientific prerequisites, variations in bodily and/or psychological functioning and luxury with virtual media.
The virtual shape supposed it was once simple to retailer and save the completed — or, in some instances, unfinished — artwork, however some individuals discussed it was once dissatisfying not to have a tangible product.
“This study provides the groundwork for VR as an art therapy tool, especially as the technology becomes more sophisticated,” mentioned Kaimal.
Researchers from the College of Nursing and Health Professions are proceeding this paintings thru a number of ongoing immersive reality tasks within the College’s VR labs.
“These applications are not only improving health and wellness but also enhancing learning,” mentioned Deborah Clegg, Ph.D., affiliate dean of research within the College of Nursing and Health Professions. “Drexel is on the cutting edge of incorporating this technology into the classroom to enhance education and ultimately health care.”
Kaimal et al. (2019) Virtual Reality in Art Therapy: A Pilot Qualitative Study of the Novel Medium and Implications for Practice. Art Therapy. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/07421656.2019.1659662
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